Employment discrimination is a problem that affects employees across the nation. This form of discrimination occurs when an employer hires, terminates, compensates, or promotes an individual on the basis of his or her race, national origin, age, or gender.
There are several state and federal laws that prohibit employers from discriminating against a protected group. The first, and most well-known, of the employment anti-discrimination laws is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law makes it a crime for businesses with 15 or more employees to discriminate against individuals based on race, gender, national origin, or religion.
Since Title VII, other anti-discrimination laws have been passed. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 prohibits employers from discriminating against workers over the age of 40. This includes hiring and firing practices as well as denying benefits to older workers.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits workplace discrimination against individuals with disabilities. In order to be protected by the act, the employee must show that he or she is disabled and that the employer knew of the disability.
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